HISTORY OF NIGER CSDP
NIGER STATE AGENCY FOR COMMUNITY & SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
Successive Nigerian Government embarked on several development projects in the past to alleviate poverty amongst the citizenry without yielding the desired results because of the top-bottom supply- driven and non-participatory mode of delivering services to communities.
This resulted to the creation of Local Empowerment and Environmental Management projects ( LEEMP) in 2009 which help to change the way and manner development activities were being done in Nigeria from the top bottom to bottom top, this has assisted immensely to provide social infrastructural services to the Rural poor in a more sustainable manner through the communities identifying their needs and implementing it locally. The successes recorded by the LEEMP project gave birth to the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) which continued on the structures put by the CSDP and this led to the empowerment of many vulnerable Communities and poorest of the poor Communities to benefit in great way with social infrastructural services such as Good Road networks, improved health care services, portable drinking Water, Education, Rural Electrification and Socio-economy among others.
WHY CSDP IN NIGER STATE
In Niger State, the level of poverty which had defied solution using the top bottom approach (supply driven) necessitated a paradigm shift for Demand driven approach to development. Thus the State embraces the Community Driven Development (CDD) approach IN 2009 through collaboration with the World Bank and the Federal Government in tackling poverty issues by the use of Community and Social Development project (CSDP.
As a result of this it is estimated that more than one million poor communities in Niger State now have access to improved social infrastructural services in a more sustainable manner, with increase in number of the Local Government Areas and officials working with community groups through CDD approach as exemplified by LEEMP and other development projects. The Niger state Government has domesticated the strategy through its ward development projects and this has also led to significant improvement in the lives of the rural poor to have access to some basic needs of lives.
What is CSDP-AF
Following the successes recorded by the Parent Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) which was implemented in close partnership between the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN), 30 States and the FCT, between 2009 to 2014, the Federal Government of Nigeria and the Niger State Government sought and obtained additional financing from the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank Group and the Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF) respectively to continue to support project implementation in the Vulnerable Communities through the CSDP additional Financing . The CSDP Additional Financing (-AF) became effective on August 17, 2015 and September 1st , 2016 at the Federal and State levels respectively. The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to increase access by the poor people to social and natural resource infrastructure services in a sustainable manner throughout Nigeria; And The Project Has Four Components As Follows:
The overall goal of the CSDP is to improve access to services for Human Development (HD) with the following four major components, for which it provides financing. Component 1: Coordination and Program Support, Component 2: LGA/ Sectoral Ministries Capacity and Partnership Building, Component 3: Community-Driven Investments, Component 4: Vulnerable Groups Support Grant.
- Project coordination and support (Federal)
This component provides fiancés expended at the federal level by the federal project support Units (FPSU) to cover its operating cost, and cost of other activities. These activities include programme, coordination, involving advocacy, sensitization and capacity building at the federal level, monitoring and evaluation of the CSDP at all levels and reporting to all stakeholders.
- LGAs and State Agencies Capacity Building
The State Agency under this component provides training, technical assistance and cross-learning fora to strengthen the capacity of the Communities and LGAs in performing the roles prescribed for them by the CSDP institutional arrangements. Under this component still, the State Agency shall build the capacity of its staff and give similar support to State and local government institutions whose activities are relevant to the success of the CSDP. Key areas of skills development especially for LGAs will include planning, financing management, procurement and general improvement in local government through transparency in budget preparation, publishing, execution and monitoring , maintaining records of projects implemented and sustained by local government.
- Social Community Driven Investment ( SCDI) Community Empowerment
This componentfinances projects contained in approved Community Development Plans (CDPs) prepared by communities. For each participating state, communities with the support of LGAs, State Agency using their project officers, prepares CDPs which after passing through all the approval procedure qualify for the funding support of the CSDP through the State Agency.
- Gender and Vulnerable Group Support Component.
The Component is to cater for the vulnerable and marginalized people, internally displaced persons and settlers as well as the poor in the host communities. The gender and vulnerable (GVG) in a set of vulnerable people who have common interest and willing to work together to access a common social and natural resource infrastructure services for the improvement of their livelihood .
Project Development Objectives the project Development objectives (PDO) is to increase access by the poor to improved social and Natural resources infrastructure services in a sustainable manner through -out Nigeria’’ Empower communities to plan part finance , monitor and maintain sustainable and socially inclusive multi-sectoral micro projects. To also facilitate and increase community and LGA partnership on Human Development index (HD) . To increase the capacity of LGAs, State and Federal Agencies to implement and monitor CDD policies and interventions and to leverage Federal , State and Local Government resources for greater coverage of CDD interventions in Communities.
FUNDABLE (Eligible Micro Projects).
The Micro Projects that will be supported by the CSDP must be Demand Driven and have wide significance to the rural poor communities; they should have impact to the beneficiaries and be able to change their stories in a more sustainable manner. The project must include
- Social infrastructural services such as feeder Roads, Construction and rehabilitation of culverts and bridges.
- Social infrastructure such as health care centers, portable drinking water, rural electrification, construction and rehabilitation of primary and secondary schools, dormitories, block of classrooms, staff quarters and laboratories.
- ventilated improved pit (VIP) toilets, Television viewing points
- environmental and natural resources management: water catchment system, soil conservation and flood control, desertification control e.t.c
- Safety net supports and the support to the vulnerable and disaster affected communities to enable them access improved social and natural resources infrastructural services.
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