History of the Gombe State CSDP
The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) sought and obtained financial assistance from the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank (WB) Group to support the implementation of Community and Social Development Project (CSDP). The Project has been formulated and implemented in close partnership between the FGN, 26 States and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) in Nigeria namely: Abuja, Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Cross River, Edo, Ebonyi, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara and FCT. The project was planned to be implemented from 2009 to 2013.
The Project is also in line with the Bank’s commitment to poverty reduction by permitting the rural poor of Nigeria to access improved social infrastructure. CSDP is expected to have a positive impact with respect to human development outcomes through the financing of socio-economic and natural resource common goods, as well as upward and downward accountability between communities, LGAs, and State Agencies. Building on previous successful experiences of CDD Projects, it will promote the use of participatory planning, budgeting, implementation and monitoring processes.
The Gombe State Agency for Community and Social Development which came on board in August 2010 and started operation in July 2012 is an intervention that built on the Community –Based Poverty Reduction Project (CPRP) structure assisted by African Development Bank (ADB) to effectively target Poverty Reduction Project at the community level. CSDP implementation in the State follows the effectiveness of the Community Driven Development (CDD) approach. The CDD approach was considered a major mechanism for ensuring the mass participation of poor rural dwellers in the poverty reduction and growth promotion development process of the State. The community development efforts are not new in the state as the introduction of the CSDP in the state compliments the various community efforts. Community development can therefore be a means of achieving a set of planned activities designed to lead a community to the desired level. It involves a conscious effort by members of a community and/or interested (outside) agencies to achieve sustainable development. For it to achieve there must knowledge of the available resources to the community and accessibility, sustainability and above all approach must be adoptable to the culture and relevant to the communities.
In CDD (Community Driven Development), all development needs and projects must emanate from the people who are the beneficiaries. The beneficiaries would write an expression of interest on a particular project and send to the agency based on that Involvement of all people concerned, Dialogue, Shared responsibilities, Empowerment, Learning and Collective action will ensure the success of the project. The goal of CDD is to ensure that the community members are in the mainstream of the entire development process. It is generally believed that when local people are given the opportunity to participate in the decision making process with respect to the conception, implementation and management of their development efforts, the chances of attaining sustainability are very high. There are evidences that have shown that given the right opportunity and atmosphere, local men, women and youth can identify and analyze their situation very well. In fact community members are in a better position to understand their basic Needs and opportunities.
Project Goal/Development Objectives
The project development objective is to sustainably increase access of poor people to improved social and natural resource infrastructure services. The overall goal of the CSDP is to improve access to services for human development.
Key Performance Indicators
The key project indicators are:
- Increased number of poor people (of which 70% are women) with access to social services.
- Increased number of poor people with access to natural resources infrastructure services.
- Increased percentage of participating Local Government budgets that incorporate Community Development Plans.
The CSDP has three (3) major components to ensure that its overall objective is achieved through proper focusing on interventions in the twenty-six (26) participating states and Federal Project Support Unit. The components are:
- Federal Level – Coordination and Program Support:
This component is supervised by the Federal Ministry of Finance, while the direct responsibility for implementation rests with the Federal Project Support Unit (FPSU). A multi-sectoral Programme Advisory Committee chaired by the Federal Ministry of Finance and serviced by the FPSU supports the FPSU to implement the following subcomponents:
- Technical support to State Agencies and Activities
- CSDP Monitoring and Evaluation
- Poverty and CDD Policy Design and Dissemination.
- LGA/Sectoral Ministries Capacity and Partnership Building
This component is implemented by the State Agencies in all participating States, and provides funding for capacity building, skill training and hardware types of investments to LGAs, MDAs and sectoral ministries. The objective of this component is to establish and strengthen partnership between LGAs and communities.
- Community-Driven Investments
This component is managed by the State Agencies. Funding is provided for Community Development Plans (CDPs) of selected communities, based on specific criteria, including broad-based community participation in plan formulation, micro-project identification and preparation, and a matching contribution from communities. Major activities in this component include:
- Information campaigns on community selection, community development plans, agency goals and funding procedures;
- Support for community identification of needs and priorities and development of CDPs;
- Appraisal, approval, and funding of CDPs developed and implemented by community-based groups; and
- Monitoring and evaluating implementation of the CDPs and achievement of set objectives.
The CSDP is gradually winding up and there is the need to assess the impact of the project in meeting the overall development objective of sustainably increasing access of the poor to social and natural resource infrastructure services. In CSDP, in addition to baseline studies to ascertain Local Government averages, baseline figures were collected in each beneficiary community of participating States; to establish benchmarks against eventual impact evaluation of project performance in line with the project development objective.
The Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system of the Project has generated a lot of data to enable impact evaluation of all the various components of the project. The study is aimed at providing feedback to help improve the design of subsequent CDD programs and policies. In addition to providing for improved accountability, impact evaluation is a tool for dynamic learning, allowing policymakers to improve ongoing programs and ultimately better allocate funds across programs. Evaluating the impacts of the various components will give the stakeholders an insight as to how far they have gone in meeting the Project Development Objectives (PDOs).
Project Implementation Process
The Gombe CSDP is being managed at the State level by State Government Agency set up by an act of state Assembly as required by the funding agency (the World Bank). The Agency will be responsible for implementing the project. Within the State level there are different institutions that must exist, to facilitate the attainment of the CSDP objectives. They are:-
State Level Institutions
- State Agency Board (SAB)
- State Agency (SA)
- Relevant Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs).
Local Government Level Institutions
- Local Government Review Committee (LGRC)
- Local Government Desk Office (LGDO)
Community level Institutions
- Community Project Management Committee (CPMC)
- Sub-Committees (for various functions)
Objective of the Project
The overall goal of the CSDP is to improve access of the poor to services for Human Development (HD).
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